Wallum Nurseries

Wallum NurNurseries - Growers of Australian Natives for Revegetation

Product & Planting Guide

Trees

A tree is a perennial woody plant. It is most often defined as a woody plant that has many secondary branches supported clear of the ground on a single main stem or trunk with clear apical dominance. A minimum height specification at maturity is cited by authors, varying from 3m to 6m, some authors set a minimum of 10cm trunk diameter (30cm girth). Woody plants that do not meet these definitions by having multiple stems and/or small size are called shrubs. Compared with most other plants, trees are long-lived, some reaching several thousand years old and growing upto 115m (379ft) tall.

Trees are important components of the natural landscape because of their prevention of erosion and the provision of a weather-sheltered ecosystem in and under their foliage. They also play an important role in producing oxygen and reducing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, as well as moderating ground temperatures. They are also elements in landscaping and agricultural, both for their aesthetic appeal and their orchard crops (such as apple).

Koala Friendly Trees

Koalas are extremely picky eaters, however, preferring only a few types of leaves at a time, from the relatively small number of Eucalyptus species comprising their overall habitat. This fact had become particularly problematic in recent years as the destruction of their trees has been allowed to proceed at an alarming rate. There have been reports of Koalas occasionally eating leaves from trees other then eucalyptus, such as the Acacia costata, Bombas malabrica, Pinus radiate, Tristania conferta and Tristania suaveolens.

Genus
Habitat
Height (m)
BLACK WATTLE

Acacia concurrens

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
10
HICKORY WATTLE

Acacia disparrima

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
12
BRIGALOW WATTLE

Acacia harpophylla

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
25
EARLY FLOWERING BLACK WATTLE

Acacia leiocalyx

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
10
MAIDEN’S WATTLE

Acacia maidenii

Wet Sclerophyll Forest
15
BLACKWOOD

Acacia melanoxylon

Riparian Community
15
QLD SILVER WATTLE

Acacia podalyriifolia

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
6
BLACK SHE-OAK

Allocasuarina littoralis

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
15
SMOOTH BARK APPLE

Angophora leiocarpa

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
25
FOREST SHE-OAK

Allocasuarina torulosa

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
20
REDASH

Alphitonia excelsa

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
10
ROUGH BARK APPLE

Angophora floribunda

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
20
ILLAWARRA FLAME TREE

Brachychiton acerifolium

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
20
POPLAR KURRAJONG

Brachychiton populneus

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
15
BRIBIE ISLAND PINE

Callitris columellaris

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
20
RIVER SHE-OAK

Casuarina cunninghamiana

Riparian Community
25
COASTAL SHE-OAK

Casuarina equisetifolia

Coastal Dunes
10
SWAMP SHE-OAK

Casuarina glauca

Wetlands
15
BROWN KURRAJONG

Commersonia bartramia

Dry Rainforest
20
RED BLOODWOOD

Corymbia gummifera

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
40
PINK BLOODWOOD

Corymbia intermedia

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
40
SPOTTED GUM

Corymbia maculata

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
45
MORETON BAY ASH

Corymbia tessellaris

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
30
TUCKEROO

Cupaniopsis anacardioides

Sub-Tropical Rainforest
10
SMALL LEAVED TAMARIND

Diploglottis campbellii

Dry Rainforest
30
BLUE QUANDONG

Elaeocarpus grandis

Dry Rainforest
35
BLUEBERRY ASH

Elaeocarpus reticulatus

Dry Rainforest
30
BROAD LEAVED MAHOGANY

Eucalyptus carnea

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
20
NARROW LEAVED IRONBARK

Eucalyptus crebra

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
20
FLOODED GUM

Eucalyptus grandis

Wet Sclerophyll Forest
30
GREY GUM

Eucalyptus major

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
30
TALLOWWOOD

Eucalyptus microcorys

Wet Sclerophyll Forest
30
BLACK BUTT

Eucalyptus pilularis

Coastal Dunes
30
SMALL FRUITED GREY GUM

Eucalyptus propinqua

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
30
RED MAHOGANY

Eucalyptus resinifera

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
30
SWAMP MAHOGANY

Eucalyptus robusta

Wallum
20
NARROW LEAVED RED GUM

Eucalyptus seeana

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
30
GREY IRONBARK

Eucalyptus siderophloia

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
30
QLD BLUE GUM

Eucalyptus tereticornis

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
40
SANDPAPER FIG

Ficus coronata

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
15
SMALL LEAVED FIG

Ficus obliqua

Sub-Tropical Rainforest
50
YELLOWWOOD

Flindersia xanthoxyla

Dry Rainforest
45
CHEESE TREE

Glochidion ferdinandi

Dry Rainforest
20
UMBRELLA CHEESE TREE

Glochidion sumatranum

Riparian Community
15
TULIP WOOD

Harpullia pendula

Sub-Tropical Rainforest
12
BRUSH BOX

Lophostemon confertus

Wet Sclerophyll Forest
30
RIVER TEA TREE

Melaleuca bracteata

Riparian Community
15
PRICKLY LEAF PAPERBARK

Melaleuca nodosa

Wallum
7
WILLOW BOTTLE BRUSH (SALIGNUS)

Melaleuca salicina

Riparian Community
15
WEEPING BOTTLEBRUSH

Melalueca viminalis

Riparian Community
10
PINK EUODIA

Melicope elleryana

Rainforest
25
WHITE BOLLY GUM

Neolitsea dealbata

Wet Sclerophyll Forest
10
TURPENTINE

Syncarpia glomulifera

Wet Sclerophyll Forest
40
GIANT WEEPING MYRTLE

Syzygium floribunda

Riparian Community
10
GIANT WATER GUM

Syzygium francisii

Sub-Tropical Rainforest
15
SMALL LEAF LILLYPILLY

Syzygium luehmanii

Dry Rainforest
8
SCRUB CHERRY

Syzygium paniculatum

Sub-Tropical Rainforest
50
LILLYPILLY

Syzygium smithii

Dry Rainforest
20
RED CEDAR

Toona ciliata

Dry Rainforest
50
WATER GUM

Tristaniopsis laurina

Dry Rainforest
45
GOLDEN PENDA

Xanthostemon chrysanthus

Dry Rainforest
12
BLACK BEAN

Castanospermum australe

Sub-Tropical Rainforest
25
KAURI PINE

Agathis robusta

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
40
LEMON SCENTED GUM

Corymbia citriodora

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
20
NATIVE FRANGIPANI

Hymenosporum flavum

Wet Sclerophyll Forest
20
CREEK LILLY PILLY

Syzygium australe

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
20
SANDPAPER FIG

Ficus fraseri

Dry Rainforest
12
WHITE CYPRUS PINE

Callitris glaucophylla

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
25
GREY GUM

Eucalyptus longirostrata

Wet Sclerophyll Forest
30
SMOOTH BARK APPLE

Angophora costata

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
25
GREY GUM

Eucalyptus biturbinata

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
35
GREY MYRTLE

Backhousia myrtifolia

Sub-Tropical Rainforest
25
IVORY CURL

Buckinghamia celsissima

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
30
SPOTTED GUM

Corymbia citriodora variegata

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
30
WHITE MAHOGANY - K F T

Eucalyptus acmenoides

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
30
CROWS ASH

Flindersia australis

Sub-Tropical Rainforest
40
COTTON TREE

Hibiscus tileaceus - 'rubra'

Sub-Tropical Rainforest
50
ELITE LILLY PILLY

Syzygium australe 'elite'

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
3
WHITE ASH

Alphitonia petriei

Sub-Tropical Rainforest
20
RIVER RED GUM

Eucalyptus camaldulensis

Wet Sclerophyll Forest
40
PLUNKETT MALLEE

Eucalyptus curtisii

Wetlands
7
POPLAR BOX

Eucalyptus populeana

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
20
WHITE MAHOGANY

Eucalyptus acmeniodes

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
35
GUM TOPPED BOX

Eucalyptus moluccana

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
25
COTTON TREE

Hibiscus tileaceus

Sub-Tropical Rainforest
4
COTTON TREE RUBRA

Hibiscus tileaceus - 'rubra'

Sub-Tropical Rainforest
50
SWAMP PAPER BARK

Melaleuca decora

Wetlands
10
FINE LEAF WEEPING PAPER BARK

Melaleuca leucadendron (fine)

Wet Sclerophyll Forest
15
BLUE LILLY PILLY

Syzygium oleosum

Rainforest
8
BROAD LEAF LILLY PILLY

Syzygium hemilampra

Rainforest
30
WHALEBONE TREE

Streblus brunonianus

Rainforest
10
PLANCHONS STRINGY BARK

Eucalyptus planchoniana

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
24
MORETON BAY FIG

Ficus macrophylla

Dry Rainforest
30
SILKY OAK

Grevillea robusta

Dry Rainforest
30
FOAMBARK TREE

Jagera pseudorhus

Rainforest
30
RED BARKED BLOODWOOD

Corymbia erythophloia

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
15
LEICHHARDT BEAN

Cassia brewsterii

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
10
NATIVE WEEPING WILLOW

Pittosporum phylliraeoides

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
8
GOSSAMAR WATTLE

Acacia flavescens

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
20
WHITE CEDAR

Melia azeradach

Sub-Tropical Rainforest
10

Shrubs

A shrub or bush is a horticultural term rather than a strictly botanical category of a woody plant, distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and lower height, usually less than 5-6m (15-20ft) tall. A large number of plants can be either shrubs or trees, depending on the growing conditions they experience. Small, low shrubs such as lavender, periwinkle and thyme are often termed sub-shrubs.

An area of cultivated shrubs in a park or garden is known as a shrubbery. When clipped as topiary, shrubs generally have dense foliage and many small leafy branches growing close together.

Many shrubs respond well to renewal pruning, in which hard cutting back to a ‘stool’ results in long new growth known as canes. Other shrubs respond better to selective pruning to reveal their structure and character.

Genus
Habitat
Height (m)
OLD MAN BANKSIA

Banksia serrata

Wallum
2
FLAT STEMMED WATTLE

Acacia complanata

Coastal Dunes
5
SICKLE WATTLE

Acacia falcata

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
4
BRISBANE WATTLE

Acacia fimbriata

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
5
ZIG ZAG WATTLE

Acacia macradenia

Coastal Dunes
4
COASTAL WATTLE

Acacia sophorae

Coastal Dunes
3
SWEET WATTLE

Acacia suaveolens

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
2
CUNJEVOI

Alocasia brisbanensis

Sub-Tropical Rainforest
1.5
WALLUM BANKSIA

Banksia aemula

Wallum
6
SWAMP BANKSIA

Banksia robur

Wallum
2
COFFEE BUSH

Breynia oblongifolia

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
2
NARROW LEAVED PALM LILLY

Cordyline congesta

Wet Sclerophyll Forest
4
NORTHERN BITTER PEA

Daviesia umbellulata

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
1
NATIVE HOP BUSH

Dodonaea triquetra

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
3
STICKY HOP BUSH

Dodonaea viscosa

Dry Rainforest
3
RUBY SALTBUSH

Enchylaena tomentosa

Coastal Dunes
0.5
WHITE FLOWERED BANKS GREVILLEA

Grevillea sessillis

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
6
WALLUM HAKEA

Hakea actities

Wallum
3
NATIVE HIBISCUS

Hibiscus heterophyllus

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
5
MAMALA TREE

Homalanthus nutans

Sub-Tropical Rainforest
7
POINTED LEAVED HOVEA

Hovea acutifolia

Wet Sclerophyll Forest
2
AUSTRAL INDIGO

Indigofera australis

Sub-Tropical Rainforest
2
DOGWOOD

Jacksonia scoparia

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
2
CITRUS TEA TREE

Leptospermum liversidgei

Coastal Dunes
4
WHITE MAY

Leptospermum polygalifolium

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
4
MACARANGA

Macaranga tanarius

Rainforest
5
BUSH HOUSE PAPERBARK

Melaleuca irbyana

Wet Sclerophyll Forest
8
THYME HONEY MYRTLE

Melaleuca thymifolia

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
1
NATIVE LASIANDRA

Melastoma affine

Sub-Tropical Rainforest
2
BOOBIALLA - WATER BUSH

Myoporum montanum

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
4
SAGO FLOWER

Ozothamnus diosmifolius

Wet Sclerophyll Forest
3
NATIVE MULBERRY

Pipturus argenteus

Dry Rainforest
6
NOTCHED BUSH PEA

Pultenaea retusa

Wallum
2
HAIRY BUSH PEA

Pultenaea villosa

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
2
POISON PEACH

Trema tomentosa

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
6
PURPLE COASTAL VITEX

Vitex trifolia purpurea

Coastal Dunes
3
GRASS TREE

Xanthorrhoea johnsonii

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
2
BEACH VITEX

Vitex rotundifolia

Coastal Dunes
3
NATIVE GINGER - GREEN

Alpinia caerulea

Sub-Tropical Rainforest
2
NATIVE RASPBERRY

Rubus probus

Sub-Tropical Rainforest
2
GRASS TREE

Xanthorrhoea glauca

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
2
MIDGEN BERRY

Austromyrtus dulcis

Wallum
1.5
GRASS TREE

Xanthorrhoea fulva

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
2
NATIVE GINGER REDBACK

Alpinia caerulea redback

Sub-Tropical Rainforest
2
COASTAL TEA TREE

Leptospermum laevigatum

Coastal Dunes
6
QUININE BUSH

Petalostigma pubescens

Rainforest
15
WALLUM SHE-OAK

Allocasuarina emuina

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
3
PRICKLY MOSES ACACIA

Acacia ulicifolia

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
3
TICK BUSH

Kunzea ambigua

Wallum
5
SILVER CASSIA

Senna artemisioides

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
2
NATIVE MURRAYA

Murraya ovatifoliolata

Dry Rainforest
2
BRACLET HONEY MYRTLE

Melaleuca armilliaris

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
5
EPRAPH WATTLE

Acacia perangusta

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
6
MYRTLE WATTLE

Acacia myrtifolia

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
3
RED FLOWERED SILKY OAK

Grevillea banksii (red)

Riparian Community
6
WHITE KUNZEA

Kunzea flavesens

Wallum
3
WHITE FLOWERED SILY OAK - 'ALBA'

Grevillea banksii (white)

Sub-Tropical Rainforest
4
CLIFF BOTTLEBRUSH

Melaleuca formosa

Wet Sclerophyll Forest
4

Groundcover

Groundcover refers to any plant that grows over an area of ground, used to provide protection from erosion and drought, and to improve its aesthetic appearance (by concealing bare earth). In gardening terms, however, the term groundcover refers to non-grass plants that are used in place of grasses.

Four general types of plants are commonly used as groundcovers:

  • Vines, which are woody plants with slender, spreading stems
  • Herbaceous plants, or non-woody plants
  • Shrubs of low-growing, spreading species
  • Moss of larger, coarser species
Genus
Habitat
Height (m)
WALLUM HIBBERTIA

Hibbertia vestita

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
COASTAL GUINEA FLOWER

Hibbertia scandens

Coastal Dunes
PURPLE CORAL PEA

Hardenbergia violacea

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
NATIVE GRAPE

Cissus antartica

Sub-Tropical Rainforest
COASTAL PIG FACE

Carpobrotus glaucescens

Coastal Dunes
CREEPING BOBIALLA

Myoporum parvifolium

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
BOOBIALLA

Myoporum acuminatum

Wet Sclerophyll Forest
DUSKY CORAL PEA

Kennedia rubicunda

Wet Sclerophyll Forest
COASTAL MORNING GLORY

Ipomea pes-caprae

Coastal Dunes
DUNE BEAN

Vigna marina

Wet Sclerophyll Forest
SEA PURSLANE

Sesuvium portulacastrum

Coastal Dunes
COASTAL SCAEVOLA

Scaevola calendulacea

Coastal Dunes
COASTAL MYOPORUM

Myoporum elipticum

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
NATIVE VIOLET

Viola hederaceae

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
STAR GOODENIA

Goodenia rotundifolia

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
COASTAL JACK BEAN

Canavalia rosea

Coastal Dunes
SEABLITE

Suaeda australis

Coastal Dunes
VANILLA LILLY

Sowerbaea juncea

Dry Rainforest
SCRAMBLING LILLY

Geitonoplesium cymosum

Dry Rainforest
WOMBAT BERRY

Eustrephus latifolia

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
2
JASMINE LEAVED WONGA VINE

Pandorea jasminoidies

Dry Rainforest
2

Grasses & Sedges

Grasses or more technically graminoids, are monocotyledonous usually herbaceous plants with narrow leaves from the base. They include the “true grasses” of the Poaceae (or Gramineae) family, as well as the sedges (Cyperaceae) and the rushes (Juncaceae). The true grasses include cereals, bamboo and the grasses of lawns (turf). True grasses, sedges ruches also form pasture for livestock: a few sedges are used directly as food, such as water chestnut (Eleocharis dulcis), or paper: the papyrus sedge (Cyperus papyrus). Grasses have adapted to conditions in lush rain forests, dry deserts, cold mountains and even intertidal habitats, and are now the most widespread plant type, grass is valuable source of food and energy for all sort of wildlife and organics.

Graminoids are the dominant vegetation in many habitats, including grasslands, salt-marsh, reed swamp and steppes. They also occur as a smaller part of the vegetation in almost every other terrestrial habitat. There are some 3500 species of graminoides.

Genus
Habitat
Height (m)
RIVER LILLY

Crinum pedunculatum

Riparian Community
SWAMP SEDGE

Carex appressa

Wetlands
SMOOTH FLAX LILLY

Dianella longifolia

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
SPREADING FLAX LILLY

Dianella caerulea

Dry Rainforest
SEA RUSH

Juncus krausii

Wetlands
SWORD GRASS

Gahnia sieberiana

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
TUSSOCK GRASS

Poa labilardierii

Grasslands
MEADOW RICEGRASS

Microlaena stipoides

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
MAT RUSH

Lomandra longifolia

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
COMMON RUSH

Juncus usitatus

Wetlands
KANGAROO GRASS

Themeda australis (triandra)

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
MARINE COUCH

Sporobolus virginicus

Coastal Dunes
BEACH SPINIFEX

Spinifex hirsutus

Coastal Dunes
BLADY GRASS

Imperata cylindrica

Riparian Community
COMMON BLUE FLAX LILLY

Dianella brevipedunculata

Dry Rainforest
RIVER MAT RUSH

Lomandra hystrix

Wet Sclerophyll Forest
EVERGREEN GIANT

Liriope gigantea

Exotic Species
AUSTRALIAN BASKET GRASS

Oplismenus aemulus

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
FORTNIGHT LILY

Dietes bicolor

Grasslands
BLUEY'S MAT RUSH

Lomandra confertifolia

Wet Sclerophyll Forest
TALL SWORDSEDGE

Gahnia clarkei

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
QUEENSLAND BLUE GRASS

Dicanthium sericeum

Grasslands
1
SPEAR GRASS

Heteropogan contortus

Dry Sclerophyll Forest
PITHY RUSH

Juncus continuus

Wetlands

Wetlands Planting Guide

As a landscape/revegetation professional have you ever thought? ‘I wish there was a native plant reference, easy to read and informative’. Well Wallum Nurseries have created an online planting guide just for you!

Click here to download the Wetlands Planting Guide diagram